Складские помещения

Где применяются данные нормы?

Записанные в данном документе, нормы и стандарты по проектирования складских помещений имеют распространение на здания и сооружения складского назначения, цель которых хранить вещества, продукцию, сырье и материалы. Сами же складские помещения не должны требовать проведения особых строительных операций и мероприятий для поддержания и создания заданных параметров внутренней среды склада. Нормы не распространяются на проектирование складов и складских зданий и помещений предназначенных для хранения удобрений, как сухих так и минеральных, средств защиты растений химического типа, взрывоопасных, радиоактивных, ядовитых веществ и горючих газов, в том числе и не горючих газов находящихся в таре под давлением в 70кПа или 0.7 кгм/см2. Также на склады нефти и нефтепродуктов, горючей пластмассы, кинопленки, целлулоида, каучука, хлопка, муки, изделий их меха, пушнины, мехов, комбикормов и цемента. На проектирование складских зданий под зернохранилище и холодильников. Читать далее

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Данные нормы, указанные в этом нормативном документе распространяются на реконструкцию старых и создание новых комплексных объектов, отдельных зданий, сооружений и устройств разных видов промышленного транспорта, вне зависимости от того, к какой отрасли народного хозяйства он относится, к какому ведомственному подчинению, и под какой формой собственности он находится. Также он используется для организации строительных работ по созданию транспортных линий и их пересечений.
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Система отвода ливневых вод Geberit

При строительстве современных высотных зданий Технический заказчик нередко требует, чтобы фасады этих зданий и фундаменты не были подвержены сильному воздействию атмосферных осадков, а строительные конструкции плоских элементов кровли не испытывали значительных нагрузок, которые впоследствии могут привести к разрушению зданий. Чтобы не возникло таких негативных последствий, в зданиях должна быть предусмотрена система отвода ливневых вод.

Как оптимально отводить талую воду с кровли

Такую систему разработала швейцарская компания Geberit. Система, разработанная этой фирмой, кардинальным образом отличается от тех систем, которые использовались ранее. Системы предыдущих поколений, когда вода собиралась водосточными воронками и удалялась с крыш зданий за счёт уклонов, применяемых при монтаже отводящих трубопроводов. Такие системы называются самотечными. Система Geberit относится к классу сифонных систем отвода ливневых вод.

Принцип работы этой системы основан на том, что когда выпадает небольшое количество осадков, эта система работает как обычная самотечная. Но когда интенсивность осадков увеличивается, система полностью заполняется водой и образуется непрерывный водяной столб от воронки на крыше здания, до места соединения системы с обычной самотечной канализацией. Водяной столб под действием собственного веса стремится вниз, в трубопроводе образуется разряжение, вода, находящаяся на крыше под действием этого разряжения засасывается в воронки со скоростью, достигающей 12 м/секунду, происходит интенсивное удаление ливневой воды. Читать далее

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Уже прошли те времена, когда ручной труд был незаменим, а на фабриках всю работу выполняли работники, сидящие за столами и работающие напильниками, паяльниками, молотками и другими рабочими инструментами, которые предназначены для ручного труда. Теперь все основное производство осуществляется и проводится с помощью использования специализированных систем автоматики, измерительных приборов и компьютерной техники.

Человек в работе с машиной

Человеческий труд на предприятиях нынче востребован по минимуму, а некоторых странах с довольно хорошо развитыми технологиями, и вовсе не используется. Человек только регулирует весь процесс, который выполняет машина. Читать далее

Роль главного инженера в строительстве

На каждом строительстве есть люди, выполняющие определенные задачи, и имеющие определенную специализацию по выполнению поставленных им задач. Как правило, простые рабочие строители, не всегда умеют читать сложные чертежи и планы зданий, которые они будет строить. Для этого существуют более квалифицированные специалисты, которые составляют строительные проекты, и проводят тех надзор за строительством, чтобы рядовые рабочие все сделали правильно и здание или сооружение имело должное качество, а соответственно долговечность. Требования к таким специалистам описаны в нормативном документе строительные нормы и правила “О главном инженере (главном архитекторе) проекта” СНиП 1.06.04-85

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Строительство в районах повышенной сейсмической активности

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